To begin with, the term “3D” or “3D Floor Plan” are no more a new concept. With the development of technology in all walks of life, these terms and concepts are becoming more and more popular. The old age techniques and concepts are becoming redundant, and these new concepts and technologies are replacing them.
This article will highlight: –
- What 3D floor plan is?
- What is the process of creating a successful 3D floor plan?
- Avoiding common mistakes while creating a 3D floor plan
Let us begin with getting to know what is meant by 3D floor plan-:
A 3D floor plan is a virtual presentation of the required building floor plan. It allows one to understand the floor plan with a more in-depth insight and also helps in understanding and visualising complex architecture more easily.
3D floor plans can be made with optimum precision using the advanced 3D rendering software. With the help of lighting, camera and the techniques of rendering 3D floor plans appear to be real rather than just digital presentations.
The Process of Creating A 3D Floor Plan
- Sketch your 2D plan/ Blueprint- 3D floor plans are created from the architectural 2D drawing. To begin with, a shape needs to be chosen for the room, and the size needs to be specified. If you want to be more precise, you can go ahead and specify the length, breadth and also the height of the walls. Also, each room can be given names — for example, a living room, kitchen, utility, bedroom and so on. This can also be called the blueprint stage. The walls of the building can be drawn using the Pen Tool or the Line Segment Tool. Once the blueprint looks as per your requirement, you may thicken the strokes. It all depends on the scale that you are working at.
- Expand & clean up- At this stage, one should select all the lines and click Object and Expand to expand the lines. Keeping all the lines selected, use Unite to combine all the lines into a solid shape. Some lines may need correction here and there. Clean up your blueprint by using the Pen Tool. Don’t forget to keep the original blueprint saved.
- Doors & Windows- Time to place the doors and windows using shapes like squares. Position the shapes where the doors and windows should be located. One may use two different colours to differentiate between them. Say, green for door and yellow for the window.
- 3 Blueprints- At this step of 3d floor plan creation, you need to select and generate three copies of the blueprint complete with shapes of doors and windows. The three copies are going to be the blueprints for 3D. By using the divide function, cut out doors and windows on “Blueprint 1”, doors on “Blueprint 2” and “Blueprint 3” as no door and no windows.
- Application of 3D- On the first blueprint copy apply Effect>3D> Extrude and Bevel. Use the preview function to achieve the result you desire. Giving an extruded depth of 15 pt. Apply the same parameters with blueprint “2” and “3” except that copy 2 to be extruded at 20-23 pt. And copy three at 15 pt.
- Stacking and final steps-Place the blueprints on each other in stacking manner. Set the colour of the three building layers to your desired shade. The structure of the building may look a little dull. But that’s okay. You can select Object> Expand Appearance. At this stage, you can insert a floor and windows. The top of the wall can be given a darker shade to enhance the look.
The 3D floor plan is ready. But there are quite a few mistakes that are often made which could make things go haywire. So, let us see what those mistakes are and how they can be avoided.
- Choosing the wrong floor plan- More often than not, people fall trap to luxurious and attractive floor plans. Before selecting a floor plan for your space, one needs to understand the needs for the same. For example, if you want office space in the home, you will not want it to be next to the kitchen or kid’s bedroom. So, choose the plan wisely keeping in minds the personal needs and preferences.
- Room Sizing- Most of the floor plans often mentions the dimensions of the room on the floor plan. How many times have you followed the dimensions and then realised later on that the furniture does not fit your room at all? Prevention is better than cure, and hence it is better to measure all the existing furniture and table and then determine how much space you need.
- Space management- A well-planned 1000 sq.ft. Sometimes feels more spacious than a 2000 sq.ft. It is all about how the existing space is managed to give a spacious feel.
- A floor plan that fits your budget- Many times home buyers are overwhelmed by the floor plan and its attractions. This is when many of them end up spending more than their budget. Always remember to spend that amount which you can afford in the present. There is always a future to upgrade your house and make it as you like.