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Brinda Goswami

Verified Expert in Interior Design

As a founder of iii studio, Brinda has designed and executed over 100+ projects with a special focus on luxurious residential designing. She is the owner & principal designer at iii studio, Hyderabad.

Blog » Interior Design » How to Draw a Floor Plan & Top Mistakes to Avoid

Floor plans are drawings, drawn to scale that demonstrate the interaction between rooms, spaces, and physical elements as seen from above. They allow you to see how people will move around the room.

A floor plan is a technical drawing to scale that depicts the relationships between rooms, spaces, traffic patterns, and other physical elements at one level of a structure from above. It is used in architecture and building engineering. Perfecting your floor plan is a certain way to create a well-thought-out home that will serve you well for many years.

It can show where certain electrical, plumbing, and ventilation systems must be located and connected. The arrangement of windows and doors within the house can be accounted for. In short, it gives you a house map, so you know where everything will be and what will get there. 

This blog will help you to know more about how to draw a floor plan, the purpose of a floor plan, and the common mistakes to avoid when designing floor plans.

What is the Purpose of a Floor Plan?

The purpose of a floor plan is to have a visual representation of your house’s layout so that you understand where everything goes. It is a good idea to use at least three or four different planners to keep you going. You want to be able to visualize yourself in the finished room rather than just looking at your computer monitor. If you cannot imagine yourself, you must find someone who can help you do this accurately.

While the purpose of a floor plan is to inform you of the house’s flow, you do not want to overcrowd it. Having too much information can make it challenging to get around in the plan. Each room should have enough space for movement within it and places to exit without stepping into an open space. It makes each room feel like a complete unit.

The plan should tell you what activities take place in each house’s space. You may choose to separate the kitchen from the family room y having interior walls or vice versa. Perhaps you want to separate the bathroom from the living room, so you have privacy in that room. Floor plans can help you make decisions about organizing each space of your house.

this floor plan created on foyr neo

Essential Things To Consider While Designing A Floor Plan

A home is a very important part of our lives. Every individual as a homeowner wishes to create and construct his own house. We often spend the majority of our lives at home. It is the location where we may share some of the most valuable moments of our lives with our family and loved ones. However, there are a few floor plan blunders and common floor plan mistakes that you can avoid to make your home more attractive and your life simpler. 

Well before you start there are a few key points to keep in mind:

  1. Comprehend the idea of the building codes and regulations
  2. Establish your budget plan
  3. Plan the space properly
  4. Create your zoning and traffic flow
  5. Consider door and window placements

10 Floor Plan Mistakes To Avoid

1. Every floor plan isn’t right for all

When individuals buy a home, they frequently forget about their way of life. Every floor plan should be tailored to the client’s lifestyle and the individuals who will be using it. Some individuals like more space between corridors like open floor plans, while others prefer spiral staircases or ceiling windows.

Also, when selecting a floor plan, consider your lifestyle. Don’t settle only for square footage. There is a whole design process you should look out for.

When individuals are looking to buy or construct a home, they frequently inquire about square footage. Don’t simply cling to it! If you’re thinking about purchasing or developing a home, you should ask for a floor plan including room proportions, it should have enough storage, enough space, and proper room layouts.

Read also – How To Read Floor Plans?

2. Incorrect orientation

According to Sophie – a house planning expert, your residence should be positioned toward the north to obtain the best light and natural heat from the sun. She notes that north-facing living rooms and windows will provide good natural light as well as enhanced energy efficiency by allowing the house to stay warmer in the winter when the sun is lower. “This is called passive solar design, and it may greatly cut energy expenditures when used appropriately.”

3. Failure to stick to a budget

Extra bedrooms and home theaters are simple to justify in one’s idea of a perfect home, but can you really afford them? Make a list of your must-haves and what you can live without before picking your house, think about family members, suggests Pickett-Heaps. Consider what you truly require right now, as well as what characteristics may be added to the home in the future when starting a floor plan drawing.

Make ideas for an outdoor space that connects to the inside if your budget allows it. Make use of existing furniture to get the idea of proportioned space.  Check if skylights or extra space like workspace is in the square feet of your home or in your budget.

Read also – 10 Best Floor Plan Creator

4. Inadequate space allocation

To preserve space by finding a balance between too full and too empty space. Every room should have the appropriate quantity of space. As a result, we can be utilized to design for additional purposes and activities. A kitchen, for example, can be linked to a dining room to make it more functional. As a result, make your current location more functional.

5. Not paying attention to dimensions

Floor plans are a more basic architectural technique for recording a home’s layout. It will assist you in determining the best location for the rooms and places that become available when the house is built. As a result, it is critical that we obtain accurate measurements of the space where we intend to construct the house, this is where interior design specialists come into action.

They will help you understand the dimensions. The precise measurement of the home building will allow you to plan the design of the house in the most efficient manner possible, as well as avoid typical floor plan errors. Not including an entrance lobby. The primary entry door to the living areas or guest reception is readily accessible from the entrance foyer. This may be unsettling for the resident who is forced to mingle with every stranger who walks through the door.

6. Not factoring in the outdoors

It doesn’t have to be a huge space, and you may not be able to finance it right away but establish ideas for an outside room that flows into the house. This might be next to the dining area, living room, or kitchen, so food doesn’t get in the way.

Read also – 50 Fabulous Patio Design Ideas for Outdoor and Backyard in 2023

7. Lines of sight that are unappealing

Front doors that open to toilets or storage are likely in floor layouts that don’t account for sightlines. Place outdoor vistas or architectural elements in lines of sight, especially from the front of the home, to avoid this.

8. Lack of privacy

For privacy and convenience, bathrooms and toilets should be properly placed. If you’re creating a two-story home with all the bedrooms on the upper floor, for example, make sure there’s at least a powder room. Place the restrooms and toilets in such a way that they are both private and conveniently accessible from the living spaces.

9. No storage

Storage is a need for everyone, yet it’s sometimes forgotten when building a new house. A butler’s pantry, a garage workshop, or a spacious linen closet are all possibilities. When it comes to storage, the golden rule is to overestimate rather than underestimate.

Read also – Floor Plan Symbols and Abbreviations

10. Noise separation and poor acoustics

Noise control in the floor plan Kids, at least at periods in their lives, are noisy. For the family, dampening the sounds from running feet and raucous play may be rather pleasant. This can be accomplished through architecture or furniture.

How to Draw a Floor Plan?

In the architectural and design process, a well-drawn floor plan becomes a vital part of the project’s success. Although the process is not overly tricky, many people find it difficult because of the variety of factors involved. Here’s how you can start.

  • Interior design software tools can help you draw comprehensive floor plans. 
  • After designing the plan, the user can add individual spaces or features like floor plans or accessories. 
  • First, you need to determine the scale of the drawing you will make. The different sizes of a floor plan design affect the picture you will produce. 
  • Next, you should work out the main features of the plan. These are the elevations of walls, windows, and doors. It would help if you tried to draw as much detail as possible.
  • Once you are done with these things, you can now think about the smaller features of a floor plan. These include the door and window placement and their actual dimensions. 
  • You should also add the stairways to the stairs and the distance between the corners of a room. 
  • You should always consult your plans before you start building a project. Always remember that this is a blueprint.

How Foyr Helps To Create Great Floor Plans?

There are many great floor plan software tools that can help interior designers create floor plans and help their clients visualize their design concepts. But Foyr has a number of functionalities and makes drawing up floor plans and creating 3D walkthroughs and 3D renderings from them extremely easy and quick. Here are some ways in Foyr to make floor plans useful.

create such floor plan designs on foyr neo

  • Foyr has premade templates and predefined parameters for common floor plans, which can be easily used to draw up floor plans.
  • Using Foyr is largely intuitive, and hence, even those without any special experience in using 3D rendering software can manage search platforms and create floor plans. These drawn-up floor plans can then be saved and collaborated on in real time. 
  • The floor plans can be converted into 3D rendering which is especially useful for clients, as it helps them understand exactly what they are getting.

The sharing and collaboration aspect of Foyr for making floor plans means that the clients can view the floor plans from the comfort of their own home or at their own time, wherever they are. With the advanced technology in Foyr you can create 3D walkthroughs and 360-degree views of your floor plans, turning abstract concepts that clients may not understand into a virtual reality kind of presentation they can see. Get started to create a floor plan with Foyr Neo with our 14-day free trial.


Interior designers can use software like Foyr Neo, AutoCAD, SketchUp, or design-specific tools like RoomSketcher. These software options offer features for precise and professional floor plan creation.

To ensure your floor plan is to scale, always double-check your measurements and use a consistent scale throughout the drawing. Measure the space accurately with a tape measure or laser measurement tool, and then apply the chosen scale to your drawing.

Labeling is crucial for clarity. Use clear, standardized symbols for doors, windows, and fixtures. Ensure that labels are positioned near the elements they represent and are easily readable. Consistency in labeling is key.

You can use various hatching or shading techniques to represent materials and textures on your floor plan. For example, use diagonal lines for wood, dots for carpet, and crosshatching for tiles. Create a legend to explain your chosen symbols.

When planning furniture placement, consider the room’s function, traffic flow, and balance. Avoid pushing furniture against walls, as it can lead to a less inviting atmosphere. Experiment with different arrangements until you find the most functional and aesthetically pleasing layout.

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