3D Modeling and Rendering of Commercial Space

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When we think of architectural visualization, the common image in our minds is of cozy and well-appointed houses for people to stay in. But offices and commercial spaces need great designs as well. The factors that make for a great office or commercial space are quite different from those that give us a great home. 3D Modeling and Rendering is being widely used for designing office spaces. Let us understand the important aspects of office space design.

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3D Modeling

What is 3D modeling? It is a process of using a simulated three dimensional space to create a lifelike representation of an object or a planar surface. It is used by planners and architects to come up with a realistic view of how a building would look like. 3D Modeling can be used to provide a view of the exteriors and landscaping of a structure. But it also gives a detailed view of the interiors. These views can also contain details of utility lines if needed.

Rendering

Architects often convert three dimensional views of the proposed project into a two dimensional view. This is referred to as Rendering. Renderings could be for providing static views of floor plans and exteriors. Rendering is also used while creating virtual tours and walkthroughs. Broadly speaking, renderings are of three types – exterior renderings, interior renderings, and aerial renderings.

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Need For Visualization of Office Spaces

We have traditionally visualized office spaces where our unhappiest moments are spent. They are expected to be monotonous, stuffy and bereft of any creativity or fun. Office spaces were never designed to encourage people to become productive and collaborative. Creating lines of identical cubicles was all one could see in most office spaces. But modern design believes that a well designed office can boost productivity. Similarly, a well planned commercial place could help improving sales. This has led to the increased use of 3D modeling and rendering of commercial space plans.

What Makes For a Good Commercial Space Design

Common Space : An office can’t afford to be just a collection of cubicles with a few cabins and meeting rooms thrown in for effect. It should also have some informal open spaces where people can meet up for a cup of coffee or a bit of offline discussions. Such office spaces have been seen to improve employee productivity. A change in scenery does wonders for new ideas to burst forth and also encourages teamwork. They would keep office politics under control and infuse energy into meetings.

Green Buildings: Office spaces are known to guzzle energy in the form of electricity, water, internet bandwidth, and generator fuel when backup is needed. This leaves a huge carbon footprint, which all companies are keen to avoid. That is why it is imperative that green buildings are constructed for offices or retail spaces. Employees working in such buildings also feel justifiably proud of their employers.

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Work-Life: We keep hearing about work life balance, and the need to avoid getting office work home. But this idea is now being inverted to provide non-work aspects of employee’s life inside offices. Some examples are clean cafeterias, libraries, crèche facilities, gymnasiums and even bars. These might seem like needless expenditures, but they actually impact productivity positively. This is because employees wouldn’t need to go out of office when they need to go to have a meal or pick up a book to read.

Open Offices: The biggest change in office layouts is what is called an open office plan. Many offices have reduced the rows of cubicles and put in large open spaces for employees to use. This helps in removing hierarchical barriers and encourages collaboration. Such spaces also help employees feel refreshed and energized while at work.

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Mobile Desks: Not only have cubicles started to become history, but many offices are also doing away with fixed workspaces for employees. Employees are encouraged to use open seats for a change in ambience, or they are asked to work in open spaces along with other employees.

Factors Affecting Office Design

While doing 3D modeling of an office or commercial space, the design team needs to discuss agree with their client’s senior executives to understand the following factors that would affect the design :

  1. A distinction needs to be made between core and peripheral areas of the office. Access for the core areas need not be provided to everyone, but the peripheral/common areas should be the easiest to reach from any part of the office.
  2. The office should have an optimal mix of closed and intimate areas for meetings etc., and open areas where every employee is welcome.
  3. An office should have places where presence is not timed or reserved. People should be able to linger in such spaces without fear of the next team coming in to occupy it for the next meeting.
  4. All of the above needs to take into account the total square feet area available. The total area should be allocated for various needs rationally.

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When a commercial space or an office area needs to be designed, the team doing the modeling and rendering needs to look at it differently from the usual home design perspectives. The need for individual space needs to be relinquished in favor of common, collaborative workspaces.

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The right modeling would ensure a productive and sustainable office. The right design firm would be able to get the right mix of utility and efficiency.

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