How to draw a floor plan? Design Tips

Home Floor Plans & Layouts How to draw a floor plan? Design Tips

Want to design a spacious yet beautiful home?

Then design a floor plan that helps you to create a nice flow between spaces, and plan where your furniture is going to go from the very beginning to ensure the planning of other design elements.


Drawing a floor plan is called spatial planning in business. A floor plan is a scaled diagram of a room or a building. It could depict an entire building, one floor of a building or a single room. It includes measurements, furniture, and appliances or anything else that is necessary for the purpose of the plan.

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Characteristics of a good floor plan:

  • Versatility and flexibility involve easy turning over an office into a child’s playroom.
  • Ideal room layouts include kitchen opening to the living room or dining hall.
  • The appropriate size of rooms is needed to accommodate furniture and to have enough space to move around.
  • Fits the priorities and lifestyle of the people.
  • Balancing between architectural details and practical considerations like cleaning and side-by-side ensuring the safety of children.

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How to Draw a Floor Plan?

The basic steps involve:

  • Choose an area: Determine the area to be drawn and brainstorm designs based on the size and shape of the location.
  • Take measurements: If the building exists, measure the walls, doors, and significant furniture. It is often advisable to examine buildings built in similar areas to use as an estimate for the floor plan.
  • Draw walls: Add walls to each room of the building to scale.
  • Adding architectural features: Add features to space by including the unchangeable things, like the doors and windows, as well as some important appliances that ought to be placed in a specific location.

Designing tips

  • When measuring existing spaces, lay the measuring tape flat on the floor and measure room dimensions in several places, especially where furniture will be a tight fit. Do not assume the walls to be parallel.
  • Before the laying out of furniture, look for projecting window sills, and note the location of electrical receptacles, light switches, vents, and thermostats.
  • When planning an office, first establish whether the occupant’s back will be towards the door.
  • To reduce glare, try avoiding having computer monitors directly facing windows.
  • Leave enough empty space in front of filing cabinets to fully extend the drawer, also at least 18 additional inches if the drawers are to be accessed by a person standing in front of them.
  • Assign ample working space at desks or cubicles. The distance from the working side of a desk to the nearest wall or furniture is generally assumed to be at least 42 inches.
  • While placing furniture on a residential plan, consider that most furniture will actually sit 2 or 3 inches from the wall.
  • Don’t line up all the furniture along the walls. Break up spaces by placing pieces out in the room. Setting the rugs, sofas, and other furniture at angles can help avoid an overly rigid feel.

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  • A floor plan must highlight all assets that come with the land on which the home sits. Plan the living spaces accordingly and ensure to give those rooms that require the most amount of light the attention they deserve.
  • Though the innovative design style of modern homes is admirable, it is worth noting that a simple and traditional floor plan may be just what is required. Some would prefer to separate how people socialize to maintain a sense of order in the home.
  • Renovate the home little by little to create small changes and to stay on the budget.
  • Knock down the walls that create barriers in the home, and allow more light to infiltrate places that used to corner build a space perfect for socializing and entertaining, creating more space.
  • Design in a way that the safety of the kids playing in the living room while adults working in the kitchen can be ensured.
  • Paint the walls similar colours while playing within a defined colour theme to ensure that the home has a cohesive feel without being exceedingly open.
  • Using similar colours and materials on the outside and inside of the home would allow the visitors to appreciate the elevated sense of connection that a home can provide.

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A perfect floor plan is not an easy task to accomplish with the change in the family dynamics as well the change in the way people interact with space. Though the dimensions of a floor plan may be set in stone, how people occupy within this plan is variable. Keeping the floor plans on a budget, functional and attractive is necessary to save the time and trouble and simultaneously achieve maximum satisfaction.

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